https://comprendre.online/index.php/comp/issue/feed Comprendre. Revue de politique de la culture 2017-11-15T17:34:15+00:00 Umberto Margiotta margiot@unive.it Open Journal Systems <p>Comprendre, Revue de Politique de la Culture est un journal de recherche et de propos en ligne, à double insu, évalué par des pairs. Comprendre vise à fournir un forum pour des études originales, critiques et théoriques en sciences politiques, science sociales , avec regard particulier à la Politique de la culture.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> https://comprendre.online/index.php/comp/article/view/2 La culture comme espace d'action politique 2017-11-15T17:34:08+00:00 Umberto Margiotta margiot@unive.it <p lang="pt-PT" align="justify"><span style="font-family: Helvetica, serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Georgia, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">Peut-on penser la culture hors de ses enjeux politiques, et la politique hors de ses d</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">é</span></span><span style="font-family: Georgia, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">terminants culturels ? Peut-on abstraire la culture des rapports de pouvoir ? Est-il m</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">ê</span></span><span style="font-family: Georgia, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">me besoin aujourd'hui de solliciter les analyses de Gramsci quant au r</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">ô</span></span><span style="font-family: Georgia, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">le de la culture dans la d</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">é</span></span><span style="font-family: Georgia, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">termination du rapport d'h</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">é</span></span><span style="font-family: Georgia, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">g</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">é</span></span><span style="font-family: Georgia, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">monie politique, ou celles des philosophes de l'</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">é</span></span><span style="font-family: Georgia, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">cole de Francfort quant au poids politique des industries culturelles ? L'opinion profane elle-m</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">ê</span></span><span style="font-family: Georgia, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">me para</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">î</span></span><span style="font-family: Georgia, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">t d</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">é</span></span><span style="font-family: Georgia, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">sormais convaincue que les m</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">é</span></span><span style="font-family: Georgia, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">dias de masse et les industries de l'imaginaire (Flichy, 1980) constituent, conjointement, le plus puissant vecteur des repr</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">é</span></span><span style="font-family: Georgia, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">sentations culturelles et des repr</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">é</span></span><span style="font-family: Georgia, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="en-US">sentations politiques. </span></span></span></span></span></p> 2017-11-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://comprendre.online/index.php/comp/article/view/3 On Dialogue 2017-11-15T17:34:09+00:00 Andrea Marcelli andreamarcelli@hotmail.it 2017-11-15T16:28:52+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://comprendre.online/index.php/comp/article/view/4 La civilisation du dialogue 2017-11-15T17:34:09+00:00 Umberto Campagnolo a@mail.com <p align="justify"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">Que notre civilisation coure de s</span></span><span lang="fr-FR">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">rieux dangers ou soit d</span></span><span lang="fr-FR">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">cid</span></span><span lang="fr-FR">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">ment entr</span></span><span lang="fr-FR">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">e dans une phase de </span></span><span lang="fr-FR">«&nbsp;</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">d</span></span><span lang="fr-FR">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">cadence fatale</span></span><span lang="fr-FR">»</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">, c'est l</span></span><span lang="fr-FR">à </span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">une id</span></span><span lang="fr-FR">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">e de plus en plus facilement et couramment admise - m</span></span><span lang="fr-FR">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">me si elle est la cons</span></span><span lang="fr-FR">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">quence d'un jugement en g</span></span><span lang="fr-FR">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">n</span></span><span lang="fr-FR">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">ral superficiel.</span></span></span></p> 2017-11-15T16:34:17+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://comprendre.online/index.php/comp/article/view/5 Pour l'universalité de la culture 2017-11-15T17:34:10+00:00 Antonio Banfi b@mail.com <p align="justify"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-family: Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">Si l'on entend par culture la conscience que l'humanit</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é </span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">a d'elle m</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">è</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">me et de son monde, les formes, les activit</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">s, les structures objectives dans lesquelles cette conscience s'exprime et se d</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">veloppe, le probl</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">è</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">me de son </span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">universalit</span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é </span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">co</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">ï</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">ncide avec celui de l'universalit</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é </span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">de l'homme et de sa civilisation. Cette universalit</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é </span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">ne doit donc pas </span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">ê</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">tre consid</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">r</span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">e comme une sorte d'entit</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é </span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">g</span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">n</span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">rique correspondant </span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">à </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">une pr</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">tendue nature humaine ou </span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">à </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">un fait id</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">al absolu, explicitement ou implicitement m</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">taphysique. L'homme en effet est</span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"> - </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">et depuis le d</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">but de l'</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">poque moderne il se sait - dans l'histoire; et dans l'histoire l'universel n'est jamais ni une forme de l'</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">ê</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">tre, ni un id</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">al du devoir-</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">ê</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">tre; il est l'</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">nergie potentielle et l'expansion d'un processus concret au cours duquel se pose le probl</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">è</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">me du d</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">veloppement de l'humanit</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">. </span></span></span></span></span></span></p> 2017-11-15T16:41:21+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://comprendre.online/index.php/comp/article/view/6 Sur les conditions d'une culture 2017-11-15T17:34:11+00:00 Hurs Von Balthasar c@mail.com <p align="justify"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-family: Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">Traiter, dans le cadre de cette revue, d'un sujet comme celui-ci, signifie d'embl</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">e avoir des intentions plus </span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">tendues que ce que pourrait fournir une r</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">trospective historique, </span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">et </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">m</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">ê</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">me plus que ce que celle-ci permettrait de tirer en fait de conclusions. Il s'agit </span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">l</span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">à </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">de consid</span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">rations si fondamentales que m</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">ê</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">me les </span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">v</span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">nements historiques les plus certains doivent </span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">et </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">peuvent </span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">ê</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">tre interrog</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">s </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">quant </span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">à </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">leur sens dernier, </span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">au gr</span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é </span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">d'une sorte de questionnaire supra-historique: philosophique.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> 2017-11-15T16:46:34+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://comprendre.online/index.php/comp/article/view/7 Accords et desaccords 2017-11-15T17:34:12+00:00 Umberto Campagnolo b@mail.com Henri-Louis Miéville hl@mail.com 2017-11-15T16:52:29+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://comprendre.online/index.php/comp/article/view/8 La coexistence pacifique, l'idéologie et le dialogue 2017-11-15T17:34:12+00:00 Adam Schaff ad@mail.com 2017-11-15T16:57:36+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://comprendre.online/index.php/comp/article/view/9 Vertu du dialogue 2017-11-15T17:34:12+00:00 Eric Weil eric@mail.com <p align="justify"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-family: Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Il </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">est des philosophes qui doutent de la vertu du dialogue. Cela est </span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">tonnant. Le philosophe n'est-il pas l'homme qui croit que parler est une occupation sens</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">e, voire la seule occupation sens</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">e, puisque seule elle ne m</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">è</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">ne pas </span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">à </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">la violence, du moins n'y m</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">è</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">ne pas n</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">cessairement? </span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Et </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">cette occupation, pour </span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">viter la violence, ne doit-elle pas occupation commune - commune pr</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">cis</span></span><span style="font-size: medium;">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">ment </span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">à </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="fr-FR">ceux qui autrement emploieraient la violence les uns contre les autres? </span></span></span></span></span></span></p> 2017-11-15T17:03:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://comprendre.online/index.php/comp/article/view/10 Signification humaine de la coexistence pacifique 2017-11-15T17:34:13+00:00 Howard L. Parsons hl@mail.com <p align="justify"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">L'id</span></span><span lang="en-US">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="en-US">al </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">d'une coexistence pacifique des hommes n'est</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="en-US"> pas enti</span></span><span lang="fr-FR">è</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">rement neuf. Les fondateurs </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="en-US">et </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">les disciples des grandes religions morales - tout comme les grands philosophes du premier mill</span></span><span lang="en-US">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">naire avant </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="en-US">notre si</span></span><span lang="fr-FR">è</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="en-US">cle, </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">par les propositions de l' abb</span></span><span lang="en-US">é </span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="en-US">de </span></span><span lang="fr-FR">è</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">re - en ont formul</span></span><span lang="en-US">é </span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="en-US">et propag</span></span><span lang="en-US">é </span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">l'id</span></span><span lang="en-US">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="en-US">e Saint-Pierre, de </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">Jeremy Bentham et d'Em- </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="en-US">g</span></span><span lang="en-US">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="en-US">n</span></span><span lang="en-US">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="en-US">rale et </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">beaucoup d'hommes ont tent</span></span><span lang="en-US">é </span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="en-US">manuel </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">Kant </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="en-US">r</span></span><span lang="en-US">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">clamant </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="en-US">la f</span></span><span lang="en-US">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="en-US">d</span></span><span lang="en-US">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">ration des de le mettre en pratique. Mais si certains</span></span> <span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">d'entre eux avaient rev</span></span><span lang="en-US">é ·</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">d'une commu</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="en-US">naut</span></span><span lang="en-US">é </span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">mondiale de personnes vivant en-semble pacifiquement, le caract</span></span><span lang="fr-FR">è</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="en-US">re univer</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">sel de cette perspective n'</span></span><span lang="en-US">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">tait </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="pt-PT">pas pr</span></span><span lang="en-US">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="en-US">do</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">minant. Ils se bornaient </span></span><span lang="fr-FR">à </span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">envisager les relations d'homme </span></span><span lang="fr-FR">à </span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">homme </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="en-US">et </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">les limites </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="en-US">g</span></span><span lang="en-US">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">ographiques </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="en-US">et </span></span><span lang="en-US">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">conomiques les amenaient, </span></span><span lang="fr-FR">à </span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">peu d'exceptions pr</span></span><span lang="fr-FR">è</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="en-US">s, </span></span><span lang="fr-FR">à </span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="en-US">d</span></span><span lang="en-US">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">sirer l'unit</span></span><span lang="en-US">é </span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">pour r</span></span><span lang="en-US">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">soudre les conflits entre les hommes d'Israel, de </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="en-US">la Gr</span></span><span lang="fr-FR">è</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">ce, des Indes ou de </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="en-US">la </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">est ancien, son but et la </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="en-US">n</span></span><span lang="en-US">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">cessit</span></span><span lang="en-US">é </span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="en-US">de sa </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">Chine. Les relations entre </span></span><span lang="fr-FR">É</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">tats n'</span></span><span lang="en-US">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">taient mise en </span></span><span lang="fr-FR">œ</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">uvre sont </span></span><span lang="fr-FR">à </span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="en-US">pr</span></span><span lang="en-US">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">sent qualitative- pas, en principe, leur pr</span></span><span lang="en-US">é</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">occupation.</span></span></span></p> 2017-11-15T17:17:05+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://comprendre.online/index.php/comp/article/view/11 L'Europa irrevocabile 2017-11-15T17:34:14+00:00 Vincenzo Cappelletti vc@mail.com <p align="justify"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-family: Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">Il y a une profonde diff</span></span>é<span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">rence entre le territoire et l'identit</span></span>é <span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">europ</span></span>é<span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">ens. Le premier peut, de fa</span></span>ç<span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">on autonome, se restreindre ou se dilater; la seconde peut s'att</span></span>é<span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">nuer ou s'approfondir. Seule la conscience de l'essence qui a distingu</span></span>é <span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">historiquement l'Europe nous permet de lui rester fid</span></span><span lang="fr-FR">è</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">les. Cette essence se trouve dans l'alliance entre deux cultures : la culture grecque et la culture jud</span></span>é<span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;">o-chr</span>é<span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">tienne. :Lune y a contribu</span></span>é <span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">surtout par le principe de la libert</span></span>é <span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">de l'individu, fond</span></span>é <span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">sur la rationalit</span></span>é <span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">humaine, et parla notion d'une totalit</span></span>é <span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;">de </span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">l'</span></span><span lang="fr-FR">ê</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">tre articul</span></span>é<span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">e et plurielle ; l'autre, notamment par le concept de cr</span></span>é<span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">ation. A partir de la traduction grecque de l'Ancien Testament au courant du Jr</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"> si</span><span lang="fr-FR">è</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">cle av. J-C., la culture de la Pens</span></span>é<span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">e et de l'Etre et celle de la Cr</span></span>é<span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">ation se rencontr</span></span><span lang="fr-FR">è</span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">rent pour se f</span></span>é<span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="nl-NL">conder r</span></span>é<span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span lang="fr-FR">ciproquement. </span></span></span></span></span></p> 2017-11-15T17:21:31+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://comprendre.online/index.php/comp/article/view/12 Une nouvelle narration pour l'Europe 2017-11-15T17:34:15+00:00 Umberto Margiotta margiot@unive.it <p align="justify"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-family: Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">Les r</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">é</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">flexions sur l'avenir de la d</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">é</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">mocratie en Europe se multiplient. Et pas seulement r</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">é</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">cemment. Les sages de la vieille s</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">é</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">rie de </span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL"><em>Comprendre </em></span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">que nous avons appel</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">é </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">pour inaugurer la nouvelle s</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">é</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">rie d'</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">é</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">ditions le t</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">é</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">moignent.&nbsp;</span></span></span></span></span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-family: Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">Lorque nous traitons de l</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">’</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">Europe nous pensons pas seulement </span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">à </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">la Union Europeenne, mais </span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">à </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">tout l</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">’</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">ensemble des peuples qui font l</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">’</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">Europe, ajourd</span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">’</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">houi. Mais il faut reconnaitre que, pour eux, l</span></span></span><span style="color: #323232;"><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">e principe universel d</span></span></span></span><span style="color: #323232;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">’</span></span></span><span style="color: #323232;"><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">une d</span></span></span></span><span style="color: #323232;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">é</span></span></span><span style="color: #323232;"><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">mocratie repr</span></span></span></span><span style="color: #323232;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">é</span></span></span><span style="color: #323232;"><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">sentative se heurte aujourd</span></span></span></span><span style="color: #323232;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">’</span></span></span><span style="color: #323232;"><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">hui aux pratiques quotidiennes de l</span></span></span></span><span style="color: #323232;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">’</span></span></span><span style="color: #323232;"><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">exercice d</span></span></span></span><span style="color: #323232;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">é</span></span></span><span style="color: #323232;"><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">mocratique et </span></span></span></span><span style="color: #323232;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">à </span></span></span><span style="color: #323232;"><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">une conception plus pragmatique qui revitalisent le processus d</span></span></span></span><span style="color: #323232;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">é</span></span></span><span style="color: #323232;"><span style="font-family: Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="nl-NL">mocratique. </span></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> 2017-11-15T17:26:14+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##